A truly prehistoric reptile which has been around for many years. The Nile Crocodile is, in fact, older than Africa itself. They were nearly extinct during the 1940s through to the 1960s. The Neil Crocodile has a reputation as a vicious man-eater, and quite rightly to considering that it is estimated that Nile Crocodiles are responsible for about 200 deaths per year. Males are considerably larger than females, up to 30% larger in fact. The Nile Crocodile can reach most commonly 5 meters in length (16 foot) although larger has been spotted although this is hard to verify. Some Nile Crocodiles that live in the cooler waters of South Africa will reach a length of about 4 meters (13 foot).
These Crocodiles can be found in many different habitats this includes rivers, lakes, estuaries, marshes and lagoons of Africa and western Madagascar. The only time that Crocodiles will come onto land is to bask. Their ears, eyes, and nostrils are all at the top of the Crocodile which makes it a perfect to hunt animals without been detected. They can stay submerged under water all day and the olive green color which they carry aids them in keeping them camouflaged and concealed. Therefore, they are able to eat whatever comes their way without the worry of losing out on meals. A 5,000 PSI bite force a human will usually possess around 100 PSI per bite. A
villager washing clothes are just as tasty as a buffalo drinking water. Although fish, antelope, zebra and even birds are on the menu. They are Apex Predators meaning that they don’t have any natural predators and sit at the top of their food chain. On the other hand, man is the biggest threat, usually using the skin for bags, shoes and other accessories.
During hunting, the crocodile will float like a log at the surface of the water exposing its eyes, nostrils, and ears. This will allow the crocodile to assess its situation and its next victim. As the Crocodile spots a potential meal it will slowly start to sink a bit lower into the lake making it near enough invisible. As it swims up to its prey it will open his mouth and once the chance is perfect it is time to strike. It will lift its head very quickly out the water and grip onto the target. The Nile Crocodile will own 68 teeth however like most other crocodilians they can only use them to grab hold of prey. Once the Crocodile has grabbed onto its prey it will drag it into the water to try and drown the animal. Followed by multiple rolls in the water also known as the “death roll”. Because the teeth can’t chew they will grip onto the animal and slowly start to tear off chunks.
Although they are predators they are quite caring when it comes to raising young. Most reptiles will dig holes and leave their young to fend for themselves. However the males and female will guard the nest until the young hatch. The mothers are ready to lay the eggs after 2 months. They will deep 50cm deep into sandy banks and deposit their eggs in there. The females can lay anywhere between 40 to 60 eggs in the next although this number is determined on the population. The females will remain near the nest at all times this can be anywhere from 80 to 90 days. Once the eggs are hatched the females will open the nest and start to pick up the babies in their mouth. To a normal person, it looks like the mom is eating them. Males and females have been known to help out during the hatching process and crack open eggs. She will carry the juveniles into the water in her mouth and let the water flow between her mouth and slowly start to open her jaw. The hatchlings will stay close to the mother for around 2 years before they venture off on themselves.
Interesting fact you didn’t know before reading this!!!
Mummified crocodiles and their eggs have been found in Egyptian tombs.